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List of Nightshade Veggies and Fruits

February 9, 2013

A little bit about Nightshades:

A large family of plants grown in the shade of night called Solanaceae. These vegetables and fruits contain a substance, called alkaloids, which may be responsible for some health problems including muscle pain, morning stiffness, poor healing, acid reflux, insomnia,  gallbladder problems, arthritis and other inflammatory problems.

These alkaloids are produced by the plants to protect them from harmful insects.

However, these substances can act like chemical substances and have strong physiological effects in humans.

There are four basic types of alkaloids found in nightshade plants. These types are:

(1) Steroid alkaloids, which contain a fairly complicated fused ring structure and are found in most food nightshades including potato and tomato.
(2) Tropane alkaloids, all originating from the simple amino acid ornithine and found in fewer of the overall nightshades, but more extensively researched due to their strong drug-like properties
(3) Pyrrolizidine alkaloid.*
(4) Indole alkaloids.*
*Both important groups from a drug standpoint.

Solanine is the toxin (Glycoalkaloid Poison) contained in all nightshade plants such as tomatoes, potatoes, and goji berries. It can occur naturally in any part of the plant, including the leaves, fruit, and tubers. Solanine has fungicidal and pesticidal properties. Again, it is one of the plant’s natural defenses.

[As it turns out, the healthy divine little blueberry fruits are not a nightshade plant, but they do contain solanine. Other non-nightshade plants that contain solanine include huckleberries, okra, artichokes and ground cherries.]

*This is about as in-depth about why nightshades can cause trouble for folks that I intend to get into. You can find a ton of information online if you search for information about:

  • nightshades
  • no nightshade diet
  • solanine
  • solanine toxcity syndrome

Nightshade Vegetables:

  • Banana Peppers
  • Cayenne
  • Chili Peppers
  • Datil
  • Eggplant
  • Habanero
  • Jalapeno Peppers
  • Paprika
  • Pimentos
  • Potatoes (sweet potatoes are okay)
  • Sweet Peppers (black pepper is okay)
  • Thai Peppers
  • Tomatillos
  • Potatoes
  • Wax Peppers

Nightshade Fruits:

  • Goji Berries/Wolfberry
  • Gooseberry/Cape Gooseberry/Ground Cherry
  • Jerusalem Cherries
  • Pepino
  • Tamarillo
  • Tomatoes

Herbs / Plants:

  • Ashwagandha
  • Banewort (another name for nightshade)
  • Belladonna / Atropa Belladonna (used in Homeopathy, found in Viagra)
  • Bittersweet (Atropine Belladonna)
  • Brugmansia
  • Datura
  • Devil’s Cherries (another name for nightshade)
  • Devil’s Herb (another name for nightshade)
  • Divale (another name for nightshade)
  • Dubiosia
  • Dwale (another name for nightshade)
  • Dwayberry (another name for nightshade)
  • Great Morel (another name for nightshade)
  • Henbane
  • Hyoscyamus
  • Jimson Weed
  • Mandrake
  • Mandragore
  • Nightshade / Deadly Nightshade
  • Petunias (yes, the flower)
  • Solanum
  • Tobacco

*I may have a few of the above on the ‘wrong’ lists…but the point of putting this all down in list form is to help you sort out what in your diet might be causing you to suffer from muscle pain, morning stiffness, poor healing, acid reflux, insomnia,  gallbladder problems, arthritis and other inflammatory problems.

Other forms of ‘food’ that can contain solanine:

  • Modified Food Starch (Be cautious of starch if it doesn’t say where it’s derived from.)
  • Starch (*If it doesn’t say where it’s derived from, check with the manufacturer)
  • Yeast (*Most yeast contains potato, both baking yeast and beer yeast. **Red Star yeast does not contain potato.)
  • Shellac Wax (comes from Lac beetle that feeds on Wolfberry plants, found on shiny fruit and veggies, commonly not listed in ingredients)
  • Palmitate Vitamin A (In margarine and milk, it’s derived from potatoes.)

Medicines and Chemicals:

  • Acrylamide
  • Atropine
  • Chaconine
  • Hyoscine (another name for scopolamine)
  • Nicotine
  • Scopolamine (common in motion sickness meds)
  • Solanine
  • Viagra (contains belladonna)

Not to be mistaken for Nightshades:

  • Black Pepper
  • White Pepper
  • Green Peppercorns
  • Sichuan Pepper
  • Tasmannia
  • Long Pepper

Another note on starch:
Shredded Cheese often contains potato starch, food manufacturers add it so the cheese will not clump. I now buy my cheese in blocks and shred it myself. I often pre-shred small amounts from the block.  A little extra work yes, but avoiding the muscle pain and belly aches are worth the work.

As a last note:
I’ve known for a long time that I have to be very careful eating nightshade plants. It is probably not a coincidence that I had to have my gall bladder removed in my late 30’s.

Solanine cannot be destroyed by cooking at high temps – other than in one case: deep frying is the only way it can be destroyed in potatoes. And since I don’t usually like deep fried foods of any sort I rarely eat fries anyhow.

So you will notice that I will be very cautious about adding nightshades into my diet. When I do it will be in small amounts.


Due to a recent complaint from a reader, who believes that I have not stated clearly enough that this list and journal is based on my experience – I want to once again state that:

This journal is based on my experience. It is meant to provoke thought. I want you, the reader, to question everything you are told, especially if you, like me, have battled debilitating pain and illness most of your life.

Question everything. Including this ‘list’. As I believe I mentioned before, there is no ‘official’ list out there. That is why I worked to compile this list and share it with others. It may by no means be complete, and I have stated that on some of the items on the list that I myself am not even sure how accurate their place on the list is. I have even added, deleted, and amended this list with the help of my readers.

When something one needs is not ‘out there’…one creates it! Hence this list!

I am not a medical professional. I have never claimed to be such. I have stated over and over: “what worked for me – may not work for you.” And just in case I have not stated this clearly enough for the reader that decided to take me to task – this is based on my experience, and my experience was extreme.




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  1. Karissa permalink

    thank you for the list! you might want to modify the list and put shredded cheese because they use potato starch to keep it from sticking together. I personal was totally shocked when i found out.

  2. Kimberley permalink

    Hi, sorry to bother you. With the comment about Shellac Wax, would that mean that Shellac Nails could be off the program for a while as assumably the solanine could leach into the system?

    Thank you so much for this wonderful post.

    • Thank you Kimberley. Yes, shellac nails should be off the program for a while. Yes, the solanine could definitely leach into your system.

  3. debi permalink

    Why is Chayote listed as nightshade? It’s in the curcubitacea family. (like squashes and pumpkins.)

    • You are correct. I had originally ‘gleaned’ my list from the web. I have corrected my mistake.

      For others reading the above list Chayote is ‘safe’ and what follows is a breakdown of its place in the plant kingdom:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Rosids
      Order: Cucurbitales
      Family: Cucurbitaceae
      Genus: Sechium
      Species: S. edule

  4. I found out that I have Lupus and should NOT eat any nightshade veg, I now know about all the other things that are NO,NO’s.

    • Glad the information is helpful. My aunt had Lupus and a friend of mine has battled with it for years.

  5. Thank you I will ( internally grateful).

  6. Esperance Bizimana permalink

    Thanks for the infos . I wondered why my whole family has muscles pain and myself has Myasthenia and Fibromyalgia . All of these foods are my everyday lunch and Dinner .
    I am starting to watch what I eat and please send more infos.
    Sincerely grateful for this

  7. kelli permalink

    do you know if mangosteen is a nightshade?

    • Hello Kelli, my apologies for not getting back to you sooner. My mom has been very ill since last autumn and takes up most of my time these day. In answer to your question no mangosteen is is not a nightshade. Here is the breakdown for mangosteen in the plant kingdom:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Rosids
      Order: Malpighiales
      Family: Clusiaceae
      Genus: Garcinia
      Species: G. mangostana


  8. Heidi permalink

    Wow very good list! Thank you. I have Fibromyalgia, so obviously nightshades = bad for me..

    • You are welcome Heidi. I have ‘suffered’ with Fibromyalgia for years. Taking nightshades out of my diet has been very helpful to easing my chronic pain.


  9. Kathy Everett permalink

    As I have learned from the Eat Right for your Blood Type bood by Dr. D’Adamo, all nightshade foods are a complete ‘Avoid’ for Type A. I am a type A and they have always bothered me; didn’t know about the gallbladder thing. Wow. I have had some issues there; must take lemon juice and stay away from hard oil or butter spreads and fried foods. thank you for your very comprehensive list of these unhealthy foods. (Ashwaganda? – that’s to bad.)

    Kensington, MD

    • You are welcome Kathy. Yes Ashwaganda. I was disappointed to learn this as well. But then upon further reflection I realized that over the years each time I attempted to use Ashwaganda it didn’t give me the help and relief that so many folks rave about. Now it make sense as to why.

      Here is a breakdown of its place in the plant kingdom:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Asterids
      Order: Solanales
      Family: Solanaceae
      Genus: Withania
      Species: W. somnifera


      • Isaura Oliveira permalink

        Is Ocra a nightshade too?

      • No. Okra is from the Mallow family:
        Kingdom: Plantae
        Division: Magnoliophyta
        Class: Magnoliopsida
        (unranked): Rosids
        Order: Malvales
        Family: Malvaceae
        Genus: Abelmoschus
        Species: A. esculentus

  10. Gabby permalink

    Thanks for this comprehensive list. My friend was in excruciating pain for several yrs, going from dr to dr, specialist to specialist finding little or no help. Last yr she was also diagnosed w/psoriatic arthritis and was in misery. Six mos ago she found a dr whose first recommendation was to eliminate nightshades from her diet. She researched, she did and she now says that she feels like a “new” person. As well, she has stopped all but two medications and those doses have been reduced by half. Fifteen yrs ago, at age 39, my health started going downhill. I have had over 20 diagnoses to date and am in 24/7 chronic pain. I get little, if any sleep and am miserable. My life turned a 360 and it is as though I’m just “existing” since my quality of life so drastically changed. I am going to start avoiding nightshade foods now. It is my sincere hope that this will help me. I am passing along this list to several relatives and friends who have some sort of pain/chronic pain. Again, thank you. :)

  11. Sharon permalink

    Thank you for this list.
    I think avoiding nightshade foods is the answer to my health problems.

    • You are very welcome Sharon. I do sincerely hope you find the answers you are seeking to easing your health problems.

  12. Hello, thank you for your list of nightshades! can you tell me if Schisandra berries are in the family Solanacea? One list has them as a sub-family of Solanacea. thanks

    • No, I do not believe they are in the Solanacea family. Here is the Schisandroideae ‘breakdown’ in the plant kingdom:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      Order: Austrobaileyales
      Family: Schisandraceae
      subfamily: Schisandroideae
      Genus: Schisandra
      Species: Schisandra chinensis

      I suspect you ran across the Schizanthoideae plants in the Solanacea list. Their breakdown in the plant kingdom is:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Asterids
      Order: Solanales
      Family: Solanaceae

      *List of species currently recognized in Schizanthus (Schizanthoideae) are the following:
      Schizanthus alpestris
      Schizanthus candidus
      Schizanthus grahamii
      Schizanthus hookerii
      Schizanthus integrifolius
      Schizanthus lacteus
      Schizanthus laetus
      Schizanthus litoralis
      Schizanthus parvulus
      Schizanthus pinnatus
      Schizanthus porrigens
      Schizanthus tricolor

      I hope this helps clear things up for you Mary.


  13. I’d learned a fraction of this list and told anyone who “had an ear to hear”, about the conection with aurthoritous and “night shades” and it seemed to help them! I know also that the side effects of night shades is compounded by eating them with white refined sugar, flour, and saturated fats! I’ve found what helps along with not giving up some or all of these is to detox and/or simply some form fasting.

    • Oh goodness! I missed this!

      I am so very happy that this has been helpful. I agree. I have to be very cautious about sugar, flour and saturated fats and combined with a ‘nightshade’ …ouch.

      I have been on a search for gluten-free flours that don’t annoy my constantly cranky tummy. I will have to try to write a post about that search in the future.

      I am also a believer in a green detox and a fast from time-to-time. When I was younger I could handle a fast much better. These days I have to keep it to just a day and not too frequently.


  14. Jenifer Hurley permalink

    hello,thank you so much for this informative list! I love it! I have had juvenile diabetes for 23 years and lupus for 16 years,this list helps a lot! I was wondering are bell peppers (capsicum) an ok food to eat and pepperoncinis? I love them! lol

    • You are welcome.

      Bell peppers and pepperocino’s are in the Solanacea/nightshade/ family I cannot go near them without a near immediate pain reaction.

  15. dionne permalink

    i have lupus and was in so much pain until i found out about nightshades. what about meats. i had to stop eating liver and kidney also

    • I am being more cautious with meats. I tend to do better with a higher protein diet, yet there are certain plant proteins, soy in particular that are very detrimental to me. I cannot digest soy well at all and it wrecks havoc with my already sketchy hormones.

      I have reduced my portions and buy local organic meats from the farms around me. I am very blessed to live in an area with many small farms and orchards.

  16. Lauren permalink

    Is ‘nightshade’ another name got nightshade? Quite a few errors and redundancies.

    • Lauren permalink


      • Hi Lauren I am not sure what you are asking? Solanaceae/nightshades are plants that contain potent alkaloids, and some are highly toxic. There are some that are considered to be beneficial medically. But for someone that is sensitive to them the benefits can be minimal.

    • I had stated in the beginning that there might be errors as this is based on my own research. I put the list ‘out there’ and tried to be as complete as possible as I could not find a list when I needed one. I tend to err on the side of caution, until I can be certain otherwise. Most certainly redundant. I am of the ‘better to be safe than sorry’ persuasion.

      You are welcome to your opinion – as I am to mine.

  17. Bhupinder Singh permalink

    I have had some luck curing annular centrifugal erythema by taking Belladonna Homepathic 200M potency. One article that I read online poited at Night Shade Fruits and Vegitables as the source of the annular centrifugal erythema. Worth a try. No side effects

    • Homepathic remedies are often ‘so low’ in the amount of ingredients that they are indeed a good option. I think of it as building up my immunity.

      When I was a child my allergies and asthma were pretty severe. My mom was blessed to have a found a very good specialist for me.

      I had to ‘suffer’ through a lot of shots to build my bodies immune response, but along with that he didn’t want my mom to ‘tell me’ that I was also asthmatic or to treat me differently.

      He wanted me exposed to my triggers, always with a ‘back up plan’ for remediation of severe symptoms of course. And because of his wisdom I had no idea just how bad my immune problems were as a child.

      I developed lung capacity from swimming, and being active, and even though I had attacks and inflammatory response that were severe enough to hospitalize me, I was not crippled. And I did not live in fear.

      I have been interested in the ‘new’ recommendations from doctors about introducing peanuts in very small doses to help children build an immunity before they develop a severe allergy.

      I immediately thought of my first specialist and realized how ‘before the times’ that man was and how lucky I was to be under his care.

  18. thank you for this wonderful list

  19. can you please tell me if any of the following are nightshades: feverfew, oat straw, passion flower, skullcap. these are in a new supplement I am trying but want to know if they might be causing some of my pain??? thanks

    • Hello Mary, None of them are nightshades.

      But! I have an allergy to feverfew (and roman chamomile), so I tend to stay away from plants in the asterid family. I do not think I have experienced ‘pain’ per se. But I definitely have had an inflammatory response. So to avoid inflammatory responses from spiraling out of control and then causing pain that I cannot ‘track back to’…I don’t ingest anything that might ‘bring it on’ from the asterid family.

      I tend to do better with the ‘rosids’ such as ‘rose hips’ and resveratrol (from grapes) so passion flower may work for you.

      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Asterids
      Order: Asterales
      Family: Asteraceae
      Genus: Tanacetum
      Species: T. parthenium

      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Monocots
      (unranked): Commelinids
      Order: Poales
      Family: Poaceae
      Genus: Avena
      Species: A. sativa

      Passion Flower:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Rosids
      Order: Malpighiales
      Family: Passifloraceae
      Genus: Passiflora

      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Asterids
      Order: Lamiales
      Family: Lamiaceae
      Subfamily: Scutellarioideae
      Genus: Scutellaria

  20. S g Natale permalink

    I am really resonating with Gabby. Much the same awful story for me. Stopped gluten and nightshade 4.5 years ago as best I was told. This gave some small relief, but certainly not my life or work back. This list suggests I need to look over foods and meds with a fine tooth comb and try to catch some hidden nightshade. Processed foods seem like a potential ingredient minefield for a select group of us. My digestive issues improved, but pain, sleep, etc. really holding me back, from much more than existing. Thanks, SGN

    • I so very much understand where you are coming from S g Natale. I hope that your search and adjustments are going well for you.

  21. Tara Barger permalink

    Hi Amy! Thank you SO MUCH for this list! I have been looking for a complete list of nightshades for so long now.
    I have ankylosing spondylitis and have found MUCH relief excluding nightshades from my diet (along with sugar, grains and dairy). I have been investigating essential oils more and more, and also have been including many herbal teas. I noticed I would flare up on occasion and realized that the nightshades went beyond just the foods items… Would you say that this list would be complete if I were to print and use it to check herbal tea ingredients? In other words, do you think your list under the herbal section would be the same verbage used on herbal tea ingredient labels? I look forward to your reply, as this literally has been a month long search! Thanks,

    • Oh darn! My first answer went off into the cyber-nether world! So let me try this again!

      It would be helpful, but not all ingredients would be listed under their taxonomic name which is what I have tried to ‘stick to’ here for those that want to research more on their own.

      My local herbalist is very knowledgeable and she can often tell me if something I want to try is not a ‘nightshade’. When either of us in doubt I will come home and research the name of the product further. Products can fall under a ‘traditional name’ from the culture where their use is popular and so manufacturers may honestly not realize the need to include the correct taxonomic name as well.

      As always – we have to practice “buyer beware.”

  22. val permalink

    Hi, I am curious about blueberries. Are they also nighshades?

    • Hello Val,

      Blueberries are not nightshades. But they do fall under ‘non-nightshades’ that do contain solanine. I can eat them without any trouble. But – they are an Asterid and I cannot ingest most asterids.

      Blueberries from kingdom to species:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Asterids
      Family: Ericaceae
      Genus: Vaccinium

  23. Hmm are you sure about artichoke?

    • As was stated in my post: Artichokes are considered a ‘non-nightshade’ – but they do contain some solanine like blueberries. Blueberries do not bother me – and I do not often eat artichokes so I cannot comment on them as far as ‘do they or don’t they’ cause me pain.

      Artichokes are in the Asterids though and I know that I react to many asterids so I avoid them.

      Artichokes ranked from kingdom to species:
      Kingdom: Plantae
      (unranked): Angiosperms
      (unranked): Eudicots
      (unranked): Asterids
      Order: Asterales
      Family: Asteraceae
      Tribe: Cynareae
      Genus: Cynara
      Species: C. scolymus

      The whole point of an elimination diet is to find out what bothers YOU.

      As I have stated before – this has been my journey into what food items result in worsening my inflammation.

      You may be able to eat something that I cannot dare to put in my body with absolutely no ill effects to your body.

  24. Marla Brown permalink

    Hi Amy, Glad that I ran across your site. Very informative. I have struggled with inflammation for years, and have finally discovered the Bragg books and have been on a diet of fruit and vegetables for the next two months. One month into this and feel so much better! Of course, no nightshades are allowed. Your list is very informative. I have printed it out to help me stay on track. Everyone around me doesn’t understand that “foods” can cause a person so much trouble. So, nice to hear that there are more folks out there dealing with such issues. Wishing you and all who are following this site well.

    • Hello Marla,
      Glad to hear my list is helpful. I understand about running into that lack of understanding. And it sure is a relief that we are not the only ones dealing with such issues. There is “strength” and healing in numbers!


  25. Reblogged this on One Spade Revolution and commented:
    Nightshade Family

  26. Kandi permalink

    oh I will be eliminating all the night shades, maybe my chronic pain for the last 15 yrs will be somewhat if not totally relieved, docs have always said its my fault because I am over weight, new doc says ya cant blame everything on weight so I will try this and see if things change Thanks!

    • Hello Kandi,
      I sincerely hope you can discover the ‘mystery’ behind your pain. I have had some doctors say some rather astounding things to me over the years.

      I like your new doctor’s attitude – I hope it turns out to be a good match for you.

      I am very blessed in having been able to pull together a great professional team to help me. It was a very long process though.

      Best to you!

  27. Amanda Geier permalink

    Hi Amy, thank you for this article, it is the only detailed list of nightshades I could easily find online.

    Question – you mentioned that most yeast contains potatoes. Does that mean I should avoid eating bread and drinking beer if I am sensitive to Solanine?


    • Hello Amanda,
      Yes, avoid yeast based breads and beer if you are sensitive to solanine. I have never been able to tolerate beer, and if I ‘cheat’ and eat too much yeast-based bread I get terrible tummy aches, so I try and stay with flat-breads with no yeast and gluten free breads. Be cautious and read ingredient labels though. Potato starch is added to many ‘gluten free’ products!


  28. Prabha Madnani permalink

    I have auto immune disorder /arthritis /hashimotto / neuropathy if you can help me in sending me the list of night shade fruits and veg .thank you prabha

    • Hi Prabha,
      This is the list as I have it for the most part. If I find that I need to add or correct something I do it right here in the blog.

      If you are using google chrome to view the page you can highlight the list, right click and choose ‘print’. From there you can either print the list or choose ‘change’ and save it as a PDF document.

      Hope this helps!

  29. Kathryn K permalink

    Thank you for the information on artichokes and blueberries. I am still tracking down what bothers me — nightshades and gluten for sure. How do you react to casein? I found a cookbook that suggests eliminating nightshades, gluten and casein.

    • Hello Kathryn,
      I haven’t had too much trouble with casein, but I don’t use it as much as I did previously. If I need more protein these days I tend to use egg whites (Including powdered) and hemp protein.

      • Prabha Madnani permalink

        Thankyou for your information .I need low glycemic index fruits and veg .Thanks

        Sent from my iPhone


  30. Jelliqal permalink

    Nightshade free is harder than Gluten Free and Dairy free combined. Have to explain all the time what it is. I am making a list to pass out anytime I want to risk eating out to have a chance to be pain-free after the meal.

    And so many plants are included that are cultivated for food. You have a good list but not all of them.

    has more. I did not know about yeast — sigh.

  31. chrissy permalink

    I am eternally grateful for your list and for explaining everything in such great detail. I was just diagnosed with Lupus and this page helped me shed a lot of light on these foods which keep triggering me to pass out and have tons of anxiety. I am 2 days much better and hopefully wont need the psychiatrist or anxiety meds now:) thank you!! Namaste!!!

    • You are welcome. My Aunt suffered from Lupus and a friend as well. I know your journey is not an easy one.

  32. Mzhemi permalink

    Hi Amy! Thanks for the list. I have been diagnosed with Hydradenitis Suppurativa. A nasty pimple like autoimmune disease. I read “The Hidden Plague” by Tara Grant and that was the first I’d heard of nightshades and the harm they cause. Because it seems that HS is seldom discussed, incurable, misdiagnosed and quite often treated incorrectly with steriods or antibiotics which make flareups even worst — I’m so happy to see that folks like you provide help information to assist those in need. Thanks again!

  33. Thank you Amy. What a wonderful resource. I appreciate the time you have put in to provide this for us. I am a fitness professional and corrective exercise specialist and yet for years I was battling chronic joint pain. I was always perplexed with all I know about the body and hours of self-care daily with exercise and stretching how I could still have problems. Then I found out about the nightshades and my life has changed. It is interesting though how tricky it is with nightshades making their way into so many modern-day food offerings. So, I greatly appreciate all you have shared here as it helps me unravel the mystery that much more.

  34. Luca S. permalink

    Can anyone provide a scientific reference on solanine content in non-nightshades, e.g. blueberries

    • That is actually something I have not tried to track down. I was more focused on what plants were from the nightshade family.

      I have wild blueberry bushes on my property and haven’t had any trouble that I can tell when I eat them. But, I also make sure to not eat a lot of them at once.

      • Luca S. permalink

        I’m suspecting the blueberry, artichoke, etc lists were in some old literature that was not scientifically rigorous. Someone must have a biochemical listing. If I find it, I’ll share it.

        Given that solanine ( and nicotine, also from that family that includes tobacco) are natural insecticides, so not just people who don’t tolerate them well

      • Thank you. That would be very helpful.

  35. Thank you for this. I had my gall bladder out in my 30’s too. Time to take a closer look at nightshades in my diet.

  36. permalink

    great list and info thanks. This is much more information than what I have seen elsewhere. Thanks!

  37. Leah permalink

    Wow! So much to think about and BIG changed to make. I LOVE tomatoes. Often they are the base ingredient in slow cooking. Any suggestions on substitutes?

    • Hello Leah,
      I wish I could help you with a substitute. I just keep my intake of tomatoes to a bare minimum and try not to combine them with other nightshades.

  38. Im very disturbed by this list. One of my clients just brought this to my attention and almost everything on this help has helped numerous people feel better, become healthier, and cured them naturally. Id like to know the source for generating such a bogus list. Ashwanghanda is the #1 herb in Eastern medicine and Europe for treatments and remedies. The chemical compound used to protect the plant from insects has the same effect in our bodies. It actually protects our systems from diseases and illnesses just like the plant uses it as a natural defense mechanism. I’m a certified Nutritionist and getting my PHD in Natural Medicine so this list completely baffles my mind. I only agree with the starch portion. But there are plenty of health benefits these foods and herbs provide that sounds to be like the FDA or Big Pharma have created a scare for so people remain sick instead of get better.

    • Hello NT,

      There is no ‘source’ per se.

      This list is a list I’ve compiled through my own efforts after a lot of reading about elimination diets and diet triggers for my fibromyalgia and post-lyme.

      It has nothing to do with ‘big pharma’ and I have made every effort to point out over and over again that what I had to take out of my diet – may in fact not need to come out of someone else’s diet. I specifically set out to find what my triggers were, and for the most part I found many of them.

      Ashwanghanda, although beneficial for many people – did not work for me at all, and contributed to some of my discomfort.

      Best to you in your continuing studies, but realize that you may very well come across someone like myself that will not respond as you would think they should or would like them to respond.

      Over time I have added to the list when other’s have warned about foods that should or should not be on the night shades list. It has evolved, it is imperfect – and it was always based on my own experience, that I shared, quite a while ago actually.

      Again, over and over, I have warned people that what worked for me – may not work for them.


      • NT NT permalink

        Amy – while I appreciate your response you’re alluding to the fact that “nightshade” foods exist or is even a thing. It is not. The problem with the medical community is that they have zero knowledge about nutrition and how it affects different body types and digestive systems. So while these might have triggers things in your body (btw fibermyolgia isn’t a real disease just another pill to push just like thyroid disease and all the others) you only found what didn’t work for you. It doesn’t mean these vegetables and herbs are bad and should be banned from everyone’s diet. This is what upsets be about how the conventional world will label something and make it universal when in fact it’s just the improper nutrition each person is consuming that is causing disruption. Your list caused concern for my client who I just recommended to have Ashwanghanda for her aliment when I know in fact it will help her. You should maybe note on your site that it’s just your own experience only and not medical advice or even statistical data. and if Ashwanghanda didn’t work for you it’s probably because you still didn’t have the right nutrition plan for your body type. I’ve read the comments and people are saying things like oh I didn’t know that or I will stop eating this or that when it isn’t bad for them and actually has health benefits.

      • NT,
        Most of the time I am very open to dialog. But you just lost me at “(btw fibromyolgia isn’t a real disease just another pill to push just like thyroid disease and all the others).”

        Thank you so much for telling me something I don’t already know. It’s been my mission to discover what has been wrecking havoc with my body for over 25 years. I realize it has no name, and I refused to even have the word “fibromyalgia” added to my records for 20 years, but whatever it is it is “real.”

        I would never wish my emergency hospitalizations or the complications it has caused me on anyone.

        If you really read my journal you would have noticed that I take no medication to cope with what the doctors have labeled “Fibromyalgia” or whatever it is that afflicts my body.

        And the few times I was ‘talked into’ trying various pharmaceuticals I weaned off them quickly as I didn’t like the side-effects and because, ironically, I do not trust pharmaceuticals.

        I take no unusual or exotic supplements now either, and to be brutally honest, they were costing me a fortune and doing nothing for me.

        I have worked out a diet, exercise, acupuncture, and a dedicated relaxation routine that works for me.

        Diet, exercise, acupuncture, and relaxation…simple.

        I will never be able to return to my job as a class B driver, due to all the nerve damage from the lyme, but at least I am comfortable in my own skin now.

        What I did may not work for someone else – but it worked for me.

        And thank you for telling me that my Hashimoto’s is not real either. I’ll just stop taking my T4 and T3 right now, even though it took over two and a half years to get my thyroid hormone levels ‘right’…and after I toss out my thyroid medication I’ll just ‘deal’ with the heart problems, extreme fatigue, and weight gain that come with discontinuing my medication…

        I hope to heaven you don’t ever just pull some hapless soul off their thyroid meds! That would be reckless, regardless of what you have for ‘letters’ following your name.

        After I suffered through 10 years of untreated lyme disease I lost my gall bladder, appendix, and then my thyroid started to attack itself. Think there might be a connection there?

        Oh but jeepers, big pharma just wants me to take more meds…which, for anything other than for my nearly dead thyroid…I avoid.

        If you had read back through the journal, and not just the comments, when I had started the elimination diet that kicked off the post about nightshades you would have noticed that I am not a fan of big pharma, and that I have stated that this was and is my journey.

        I shared what worked for me.

        We will have to agree to disagree about the list and “night shades” – and I will keep our dialog up for others to read and consider.

        Unfortunately you entered into the same condescending zone as all the doctors that decided that there is no such beasts as “fibromyalgia” and “post-lyme syndrome,” even though I suffered through a bout of what they thought was early stage MS.

        I really appreciate you telling me that my disorders…are not real.

        No, I’m actually rather insulted that you decided that you know where I ‘fall’ as it comes to big pharma and that you think that something as simple as proper nutrition for my body type would ‘cure’ me.

        Oh darn, the data is just not there for my list…it’s not there for a lot of other things I’ve had to cope with in my life. Good thing I decided not to just trust statistical data – even though I’ve gotten so darn sick of reading scientific papers on fibro and lyme as they are pretty much going ’round and ’round as to cause and I see no ‘hope’for a true answer for myself in the near future.

        I might as well give up my coffee too, it’s ‘good for me’ right now, but I can bet that in another year or so it will be ‘bad’ for me again.

        Been there and done that on the nutrition plan for my body type. Oh jeepers…it helped, but not by much as I was missing a few pieces of the puzzle and I managed to puzzle them out myself.

        I wanted other people to think out of the box, I didn’t want them to trust that what their doctor told them was ‘law’…if I had listened to my doctors and done all they wanted me to do instead of listen to my body, and look for answers I would probably still be crippled with debilitating pain.

        I am glad you are concerned about your client, but what are you going to do if your client turns out to be someone like me that doesn’t ‘fit’ into any particular box? I hope you will be willing to think outside of your box if someone like myself ever walks though your door.

        I have run into so many professionals over my 25+ year battle to be somewhat healthy that cannot think out of their own box and beyond their own experience.

        Our dialog will prove interesting to others I am sure.


      • NT NT permalink

        Amy – I’m ok with us agreeing to disagree. What I’m not ok with is that my client happened to Google Ashwanghanda and came across your list of nonsense called “nightshade” foods which also has been labeled as such by the FDA and funded research by Big Pharma. She didn’t go through all the details and content of your website to know how unreliable your information is. I hope others take interest in our corespondence because there are so many uninformed and uneducated professionals and individuals alike who have information on the internet that is inaccurate and untrue. I don’t pull anyone off meds and I never claim to be a medical doctor. I am grateful that I am not bc I know the difference of being educated to prescribing pills and being educated to truly understand how nature and nurture works. My clients seek my help because I’ve been recommended and/or they want a natural alternative. I hope your page doesn’t pull anyone off of foods/herbs that are actually beneficial to their health.

  39. NT,
    All people should do their research. What you call ‘nonsense’ was not nonsense for me. There are foods that cause me to have extreme reactions, and jeepers, the majority of them have solanine in common. I shared that with those that have read my journal.

    I myself do believe that there can be trouble with night-shade plants in a diet. You believe differently – I have experienced differently. I will go with my experience.

    I can understand that you are on a mission. We all have those righteous anger moments.

    Next time, before you tie someone into ‘big pharma’ or spout off that various disorders are ‘not real’…you had darn well better know their full health history. And you did not know mine before you so happily tore into me with your opinions.

    So you definitely had me concerned, and I called you on the carpet, as I have met health care professionals that thought I should go off my thyroid medications and trust to nutrition, and I have met so many professionals that do not believe in fibromyalgia or post-lyme syndrome yet couldn’t figure out why I was in so much pain as to be turned over backwards into a human pretzel, went blind for a short time, and lost the feeling in my hands and legs, not to mention all the organs I lost in spite or working so hard to take good care of myself.

    So I suggest that before you decide that your mission is to tear into someone you know nothing about…you might want to think about an approach that isn’t quite as insulting as yours was to me. You don’t tell a person that has been through what I’ve been through that fibro or thyroid problems are not real. I live “it.” You don’t.

    Let me repeat: Do not ever tell a patient or client that walks in your office that ‘there is no such thing as fibromyalgia’ – ten years back I started walking out on professionals that decided it was their ‘job’ to enlighten me. In my experience they would probably not be capable of thinking out of the box when it came to coming up with a pain management plan, so those words became an ‘early warning’ system of sorts. I hope you at least come away from our conversation with that bit of ‘enlightenment.’

    You feel that the information about nightshades is untrue. I do not agree with you. You may consider the information unreliable. It was not meant to be reliable, accurate or comprehensive – It is a list to provoke thought, and it has provoked a lot of thought. Which is why I have not taken it down. It is not ‘perfect’ and in fact I made this note right in the post:

    “*This is about as in-depth about why nightshades can cause trouble for folks that I intend to get into. You can find a ton of information online if you search for information about:

    no nightshade diet
    solanine toxcity syndrome”

    I specifically worked to avoid technical language and was not presenting it from a technical point of view. I was presenting the information, in list form, from what I have experienced in my diet. I have never once presented myself as a professional of any sort. I have never once said that this list is comprehensive. I fully encouraged those that read my post to research further and specifically gave them search terms. Since the initial post I have added and detracted from the list as people sent me their input about ‘night shades’.

    You are strongly opposed to the list. That is very clear to me. I got your ‘hackles up’ over that list, and you called me on the carpet to explain myself. I don’t agree with your assessment of night shades being nonsense. By now that should be clear to you. You can warn your clients away from the list. That is your right.

    What we put into our bodies can make a difference. And just because you (or anyone) may have faith in various herbs and supplements today – does not mean those various herbs and supplements will work for all your clients.

    If I were to list everything I have ever been asked to ‘try’ by all the professionals (and not all of them in the conventional medical field) I have ever visited the list would be unnerving and extensive and you would probably let out a hue and cry that I’m being irresponsible for listing everything that did not work for me, especially as many of the herbs and supplements I tried are probably some of your favorites to suggest. The few that did work for me, I grow myself or source locally from people I trust. Nothing exotic, as I feel that being from this area for multiple generations that my body responds best to local and fresh, after all my ancestors have been right in this area since the 1600 and 1700’s. Guess what? No statistics or data on that one either, but my experience has been that fresh local herbs worked best for me.

    Would that mean that no one should use what didn’t work for me? Or that everyone should only use fresh, locally sourced products? Of course not. What it should signal is that they should think for themselves about what they put into their body. Regardless of what field of health care a professional comes from, all patients/clients should question and research everything they are told.

    Along that line: the internet being what it is, those that research are going to find as many ‘pro’ articles as they will find ‘con’ articles. And they are the ones that get to make the final choice based on what they believe and what they experience as they seek healing.

    Your client did their homework, you didn’t agree with some of what your client found. Some small part of this list might hold a ‘key’ to your clients better health. Regardless of whether you think it nonsense, then again, it may not. Only your client can decide.

    You expressed your opinion to your client, positive or negative, that is how it should be. My health care team listens to me and I listen to them. We do not always agree, but I know they have my best interests at heart. And my team knows that I will be online researching if I’m not convinced with a plan of action. It’s my choice to do so.

    I specifically went on an elimination diet, I eliminated most ‘night shades’. It was my choice, this journal is about my experience. It was a drastic measure and I wanted those that consider it to understand that, hence the list. Not everyone would want to go to such extremes. I was desperate for relief. I found it. What worked for me did not ‘make sense’ in a conventional way at all, but that certainly does not make my relief ‘nonsense’.

    By the way. We are done here. We definitely are not in agreement about the list. No need to continue to thrash it out any longer – and since this is my journal, I get the last word.


  40. Tara permalink

    Thanks for this list, I have been looking for a comprehensive nightshade list for a while now. I wanted to say that following the no nightshade diet has alleviated almost all of my arthritis symptoms I have had for close to ten years, and this has hands down been the biggest factor in my pain reduction. I have gotten off all of my prescription pain meds by following this eating plan (I also cut out grains and dairy) and now am almost symptom free when I don’t eat the Solanaceae family of foods/plants.
    “NT”, honestly, I hope you have more of an open mind to finding out the truth before you disseminate information to your clients. The harm that the Solanaceae family of plants can do to certain people’s bodies has been well documented and has been well known (particularly in the natural world, as you say you are a part of) since the 1950’s. As seen on this site:

    Unfortunately, I was told by my rheumatologist that continuing to up my pharmaceutical pain meds that were destroying my liver was the only option for me. I’m glad I didn’t believe him- I was 25 when I started the meds and would’ve destroyed my liver by age 36. The no nightshade diet works, and Amy is simply helping people who know this information, have a quick and compiled list of foods/supplements that can cause a reaction. I am almost healed, and I am beyond grateful for people’s info like Amy’s. Thanks, Amy!


    • Thank you Tara,
      You said it better than I could, and without anger. For that I am deeply grateful.

      And very glad to hear that you did your own research and are on the road to recovery in your journey of healing.

      • I have since responded twice without anger and with factual information and you have presumably decided either not to allow it to post or have deleted my responses which is also unfair to the public. Thank you however for adding the disclosure so that people are informed that this is not a universal list nor should it be used as one. I wish you wouldve allowed the comment about Ashwanghanda and Gooseberry clinically proving 100% efficacy in Rheumatoid Arthritis because that is information that the general public should be aware of.

      • NT,

        I have not blocked you. I have not answered you as it became obvious to me that we are only going to talk circles around each other. As I stated last night. My journey, my choice, to continue a conversation that was only going down-hill fast because I would not agree to your position.

        As I said last night. Our conversation is done. We do not agree.

        I feel that you devalued me and everyone that suffers from fibromylgia and thyroid disorders. Your comment was flippant and showed a glaring lack of compassion for those of us that do not agree with your position as it pertains to how we should cope with our disorders.

        Ashwanghanda did not work for me. Note that I said “for me.” If I take that out of the equation I’m making you comfortable with my journey.

        It has after all been my journey and not yours. I did update the post at the bottom to reflect that this journal is based on my experience. Even though I have stated such prior.

        I feel that you are more interested in being ‘right’ than in being helpful and I will not continue to smash heads with someone that chose to be condescending and flippant with me in your initial contact, verses trying to present a calm and reasoned response to something you found so offensive.


  41. Tara permalink


    With all due respect, I have to disagree that your information is factual. Your comment that said, “…list of nonsense called “nightshade” foods which also has been labeled as such by the FDA and funded research by Big Pharma…” Is not factual information. “Big Pharma” makes millions/billions of dollars off of prescribing people pills, sadly, that many people don’t need. They most definitely don’t make money off of people cutting nightshades out of their diet, which is why no rheumatologist would recommend doing so. (At least not one I have ever met, and I have met plenty).

    You also say that, “you’re alluding to the fact that “nightshade” foods exist or is even a thing. It is not. The problem with the medical community is that they have zero knowledge about nutrition and how it affects different body types and digestive systems.”
    Again, nightshade foods DO exist, they ARE a real thing, and I am shocked that you are treating people naturally and do not know this. As Amy already mentioned, the technical name is the Solanaceae family of plants; ‘nightshades’ are a common name for the same plants. Also, as Amy said, they produce Solanine, and MANY people with inflammatory conditions react negatively to Solanine. This is all well known, and true information. For you to say the Solanaceae family of plants don’t exist is absurd, and I’m sure any botanist would agree. Secondly, the medical community doesn’t put this information out. It’s the natural healing communities, (like yourself) that do, for the reasons I mentioned above. I’m still confused as to how you don’t know this information, or are doubting it, and I truly hope you become educated on it, as your knowledge of this would be extremely beneficial to your clients who suffer from conditions such as mine.

    Thanks and best wishes,

    • Tara I already responded twice to you and somehow my responses were not posted. I think you are misunderstanding that I’m saying “nightshade” foods are labeled as such by the FDA and Big Pharma because they want to keep people from eating things that make them feel better or help prevent illness naturally. Yes exactly they don’t make money that’s why they are using scare tactic such as “nightshade” foods and solanine poison terminology and all other diseases they have claimed to be from foods and herbs that actually are beneficial.

      I am certified and have clinical and post secondary education so trust me I’m well qualified in what I’m stating to my clients. Gooseberry and Ashwangandha have been proven 100% effective in joint pain and RA relief in a clinical study yet it’s listed as “nightshade” and here in Amy’s list. When I know for a fact that solanine must be consumed in LARGE quantities to have any harm and also it’s mostly in the leaves and roots of these plants and no one eats those parts anyway!! That’s my point here. I’m passionate about this because I see what the FDA and Big Pharma is doing to keep people sick. I’m trying to help people be healthy.

      • I will allow this one last response from NT.

        I will again point out that for some us even small amounts of solanine make us sick. We don’t fit in that nice neat little box of what experts say we should or should not experience.

        All your education falls flat in the face of our experience. You are absolutely determined to push the effectiveness of ashwanghanda when I told bluntly that it did not work for me.

        It wasn’t my mission to deep-six what seems to be a favorite resource for you, but I want others to know it did not work for me as much as you want to push it’s effectiveness.

        I wasn’t part of the trial…but if it does not bring me relief I would say that is not what I consider 100% effective.

        I am starting to be curious how you would handle someone like myself coming back to you and saying something along the line of: “I really do not feel very good on this, I think we should try something different.”

        Do not bother to answer -it is just a thought that has been banging around my mind since you have so obviously chosen to ignore that I mentioned your little favorite did not work for me.

        Nothing annoyed me more throughout the years than to have blame or insinuation that it might be my fault that a suggested course of treatment did not work.

        I really dislike having numbers spouted off at me as if that is going to change my experience and position. I was probably in my thirties when it dawned on me that all those fancy and official looking numbers meant zip if I was still in pain.

        You are determined to push your beliefs on those who do not want them and all your training is not moving us toward you due to your initial flippant remarks about illnesses that none of us ever wanted.

        Again, we are not in agreement. I suggest you stop wasting both your time and mine.

        To be blunt. Your time here is done. Walk away gracefully.


        *Please note – I have not allowed the posting of some of NT’s posts as all we are doing is going around in the same tired circle. NT is passionate about their beliefs…and I am passionate about what I have experienced. To be fair NT did improve their ‘tone’ verses their initial contact with me. I refuse to rehash the fact that I have chosen to post a list – because I myself could not find one. I have always been clear that this is my experience.

        Readers: Do your own research. Listen to your body, and never be afraid to disagree with your care providers if your treatment plan is not working.

      • Amy – it saddenes me that you’re not willing to look at it from my point of view. I never said your experience was wrong or not allowed to be shared but this information does not allow for the public to have ALL the information and that bothers me. The clinical test did not include you, however, I am sure you were not adminstering the Ashwangandha properly or again I will state you still didn’t have the right nutrition regime for your body. I would’ve loved to work with you actually. The clinical test was 100% effective on those that the study was done it’s still 100% you can’t deny that number. You also can’t just take the Ashwangandha and expect a miracle. It has to be used undered a knowledgeable practitioner and with other remedies and proper nutrition. So you stating that it did not work for you is not a proper evaluation of its effectiveness. I don’t think anyone fits into a box. That’s why I’m studying Ayurvedic medicine in which each person has its own constitution that has to be analyzed and determined to get to the root of the aliment. Naturally. I had recently helped two clients with Lupus and Arthritis and handled them both completely differently. You are misunderstanding me and my point and for you to determine which of my answers gets posted or not just shows that you’re the one trying to be right and not actually trying to help people ….. not me.

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